Poultry farming makes a substantial contribution to household food security throughout the developing world.
Helps diversify incomes and provides quality food, energy, fertilizers and renewable asset in over 80% of the rural households.
However small scale producers are constrained by such challenges:
o Poor access to markets, goods and services
o Lack of knowledge and skills, weak institutions, inappropriate technology.
o Poor breeds, feeds and vaccines
Poultry farming is an income generating project as the main goal in poultry keeping.
Eggs can provide a regular albeit small income while the sale of live birds while slaughtered birds provides a bit more flexible source of cash as required.
A study on income generation in transmigrate farming system in an African country showed that farming poultry accounted about 53% of the total income and was used for food, school fees and unexpected expenses like medicines.
Flock composition is heavily biased towards chickens in Africa and S.Africa with more ducks in E.Africa and S.America.
MAIN REASONS FOR POULTRY FARMING:
1. Home consumption
2. Cultural reasons
3. Income generation
Poultry farming are kept under a wide range of conditions which can be classified into one of four broad production systems.
1. Free range extensive system
2. Backyard extensive system
3. Semi intensive
For deeper information about the above systems of poultry keeping, click here: Types of Poultry Farming